Congestive heart failure is a clinical syndrome that develops from the hearts in ability to fill or eject with blood at any rate commensurate with the requirement of metabolizing tissues. The most common underlying causes of congestive heart failure are:
In patients with underlying heart disease acute episodes of congestive heart failure may be initiated by any of the following causes.  It is important that these conditions are identified and treated.  These include: Abraham Salacata, MD, FACC